Iceland is renowned for its otherworldly illuminations, the Northern Lights being one remarkable example. This particular phenomenon, also known as the Aurora Borealis, can be experienced in Iceland during the winter time, especially on those clear, crisp nights, where they appear in a variety of colours and intensity, either twirling gently in shades of milky green, or occasionally blazing in a wild and multi-coloured dance across the night sky.
The Northern Lights are generated in the upper atmosphere as it gets bombarded by electronically charged particles from the sun. They form what is known as ‘auroral belts’ around the geomagnetic poles and occur high above the Earth's surface, at altitudes between 100-250km, where the atmosphere is extremely thin.
If you plan on experiencing them for yourself, there are many tour operators located in the city, with specialized trips offering a range of different experiences, from boats tours to coach trips. You can also visit Aurora Reykjavík – the new information and exhibition centre dedicated to the Northern Lights.
Note that viewing the Northern Lights is affected by a variety of factors, such as cloud cover, moonlight, and urban light pollution. To optimize your luck, seek viewing spots by the sea or outside the city-centre and be sure to check the local weather and aurora forecast!